How To Buy A Properly Sized Motorcycle Helmet

How To Buy A Properly Sized Motorcycle Helmet

Before you start your search for a motorcycle helmet, or take the next step towards buying a helmet, you should be aware of how motorcycle helmets are meant to fit. When buying a helmet, how do you know that it fits correctly? Buying a helmet that offers maximum protection requires you to have an understanding of the proper sizing and fit. For both safety and comfort, it is essential that you wear a proper fitting motorcycle helmet. Many new riders end up buying a helmet that is too large. While this may be comfortable, it may not be tight enough to remain on your head during a crash, and will therefore provide less protection than a properly fitted motorcycle helmet.

Most helmet manufacturers have size charts to assist you in choosing the appropriate size. Most helmets come in small, medium, large, and extra-large. Keep in mind that not all helmets are made the same; sizes often vary between manufacturers. Before buying a helmet, you’ll need to have an idea of your approximate size. Measuring the head is a good starting point for determining your correct motorcycle helmet size. Measure around your head at a point about an inch above the eyebrows, which will result in the largest possible circumference. Hat size can be another rough starting point for determining your motorcycle helmet size.

When buying a helmet, always be sure to try it on, either at the store or when it arrives in the mail. When trying on a full face motorcycle helmet, make sure that the helmet rests just above your browline. Try to fit your thumb between the helmet and your forehead. The helmet should rest so closely against your forehead that there is no room left to fit a finger. Conversely, if you feel like the helmet will leave red marks on your skin or it’s so tight that it is uncomfortable to get onto your head, it may be too small. Make sure that it does not obstruct your field of vision. Shake your head to check that the helmet feels secure, not too loose, on your head. If you wear prescription glasses, make sure that you’ll be able to wear them comfortably with the helmet.

If you are a woman, it is also crucial to understand the differences between men’s and women’s helmets. Although these differences are subtle, and you may even not notice any stylistic differences, buying a helmet that fits you correctly is crucial if you want for maximum protection while riding. If you accidentally end up buying a helmet designed for men, it will not fit as well as a helmet designed for women. In addition to potential design variations, most women’s motorcycle helmets are slightly smaller than the same size in men’s motorcycle helmets.

Yamaha’s 2012 Motorcycles Announced

Yamaha’s 2012 Motorcycles Announced

Yamaha has brought a wide selection of 2012 model motorcycles to the dealerships this year, with 10 in the street bike category and an even dozen dirt bikes. Let’s take a look.

Street Bikes
Yamaha breaks their street bikes out into four subcategories: Super Sport, Super Sport Touring, Adventure Touring, and Dual Purpose. In the Super Sport area there are five bikes, the YZF-R1, FZ1, FZ8, YZF-R6, and FZ6R. The biggest is the YZF-R1, with a 998cc engine (MSRP: $14,490 – $13,990). The FZ1 ($10,590) is also 998cc and then the FZ8 ($8,690) steps down to 779cc. At the lower end, the FZ6R ($7,590) sports 600cc. All are fuel-injected inline-fours.

The one Super Sport Touring machine is Yamaha’s superlative 1298cc FJR1300A ($15,590). This bike offers all the goodies: heated grips, adjustable windshield, adjustable ergonomics, ABS, and of course, hard bags are part of the package. One extra feature is a glove box that contains a 12-volt outlet for phones, GPS units, electric vests, or anything else you need to plug in.

For Adventure Touring, Yamaha offers the 1199cc Super Tenere ($14,500). This go-anywhere bike is built for adventure with a compact parallel twin engine that is located down low so as to provide excellent handling. Featuring both ABS and a Unified Braking System, braking application can be selected depending on the need. A squeeze on the front brake by itself does apply some braking to the rear, but step on the rear brake first and you’ll be able to work the two brakes independently.

Three bikes comprise the Dual Purpose category, the WR250R ($6,590), XT250 ($5,090), and TW200 ($4,490). While engine size is approximately the same for the first two, the big difference between them is that the WR250R is liquid-cooled while the XT250 is air cooled. The XT also has a larger gas tank (2.4 gallons vs. 1.9 gallon). The 196cc TW200 is air-cooled.

Off-Road Bikes
Yamaha uses two subcategories for their dirt bikes: Motocross and Off-Road. For 2012 there are five of the former and seven of the latter.

The five Motocross bikes are the YZ450F ($8,350), YZ250F ($7,290), YZ250 ($7,150), YZ125 ($6,290), and YZ85 ($3,990). While the YZ450F is fuel-injected, the rest use carbs. All are chain-driven. All are liquid-cooled. All have inverted forks and hydraulic disk brakes. As with any dirt bike, seat height is substantially higher than on a comparable street bike, with the smallest, the YZ85, sitting at 24 inches. The seat on the YZ450F sits at 39.4 inches.

Off-Road Yamahas run from the WR450F ($8.090) to the child-sized PW50 ($1,390) and TT-R50E ($1,490). In between are the WR250F ($6,890), TT-R230 ($3,850), TT-R125LE ($3,190), and TT-R110E ($2,190). As with the Motocross bikes, the 450 is fuel-injected, while the rest are carbureted. All are chain-driven. Of the two kids’ bikes, the TT-R50E offers electric start and three-speed automatic transmission, and the PW50 has a fully automatic transmission. The TT-R50E offers an inverted fork while the PW50 has a standard fork. The seat heights on these smaller models are 21.8 and 19.1 inches respectively.

Of the three mid-sized TTs, the R230 features electric start and a four-stroke engine. It also boasts a six-speed transmission with heavy-duty clutch. The R125LE is also a four-stroke and has five gears. The R110E has a four-speed auto-clutch transmission and is considered appropriate for larger children as well as adults. The WR250F is a five-speed with electric start. Its computer displays pace management functions such as timer, distance-compensating tripmeter, average speed, etc., when switched to race mode.

From top to bottom, there is a Yamaha motorcycle built for any rider—even the youngsters.

Bicycle Baskets Aren’t Just For Girls – How To Find Bicycle Baskets For Boys

Bicycle Baskets Aren’t Just For Girls – How To Find Bicycle Baskets For Boys

Kids love to have bicycle baskets to adorn the front of their bike. Even some adults find a bike basket to be handy and convenient. Remember toting around your favorite cars, water bottle, and that pet frog around the neighborhood? Looking around the bicycle aisle at the local department store, you will find assorted varieties of bike baskets, but they primarily seem feminine in nature. What types of bicycle baskets are available for boys?

Masculine boys will want to steer clear of the frilly flowered baskets hanging in the bike section, but some cool options are available. Get your bike basket in a deep blue hue to match your bike. Make your bike super with a bicycle basket that includes a superhero on it, such as Spiderman. Boys love this type of product to jazz up their bike. A killer bicycle basket in black and silver certainly makes any boy’s bike look tough and ready to ride.

Boys love a project. What about spray painting a standard bike basket to match your child’s bike. Try creating a bike basket with spray paint that has a camouflage look to it. The neighbors will never see him coming.

Be creative. Instead of a standard bike basket made from woven plastic, expand your horizons to consider other types of bike baskets.

Pouches or mini duffle bags make a fun bicycle basket for a boy’s bike. Purchase such items at a bike specialty shop. The pouches are often made of durable nylon and have a strong zipper to help keep items inside where they belong. Small Velcro straps or sturdy plastic hooking latches will attach the container to your handlebars where you would typically attach a bike basket. Store a pool pass, toy cars, or walkie talkie inside.

Wire rack bike baskets are also available. Such bicycle baskets are sturdy and strong. This is an important factor to consider when making a purchase for a rough and tumble young man. Wire baskets typically offer a larger carrying load when compared to a plastic bicycle basket. If the bike basket will be needed on a regular basis to carry small loads to and fro, then this may be the way to go.

Bicycle racks are an alternative choice to a bicycle basket. A rear bike rack, for instance, can be attached to the back of the bicycle to hover above the rear wheel. This alternative is slightly more expensive than an average bike basket, but it will provide safe, durable carrying capacity. A bike rack will also attach to the frame of the bike with no tools for ease and convenience.

If the little man in your life wants a bike basket for his ride, then set him up right. Find a bicycle basket that matches his personality and style. Does a black and silver bike basket provide the look he wants? Will a durable wire bike basket suit the carrying requirements better? Whatever option you choose, the bike basket will undoubtedly provide great fun and added carrying capacity.

Attractive Motorcycle Stands for High End Use

Attractive Motorcycle Stands for High End Use

Motorcycle stands are different from the stock stand that is given with the bike. Motorcycle stands is an added accessory that can be used indoors or you’re parking garage. It is separately sold in the market and is one perfect tool that you need for day to day use. There are various designs available in the market that can be selected according to requirements.
Motorcycle stands are designed to cater to requirements of servicing tasks. Bikes are heavy and cannot be installed with main stand. The chances of a stock stand to take weight are simply impossible and out of question. To tackle this problem use of advanced stands is done. Bike specific stands are available which are specifically designed according to the bike. It has separate locks and springs which ensure to take the entire weight of the bike.
At times it is essential to purchase the stand according to design of the bike. It ensures there is flexibility at the time of operation. Apart from flexibility the bike is pulled on the stand with less effort. An extend pulley bar is given in the end which ensures the stand doesn’t slip off when performing various tasks on the bike. This rod grips the ground well and puts a brake when the engine is running. Lubing or oiling of the chain can be performed with the use of such stands.
Motorcycle stands works on basic spring and tension system. With the use of rear swing arm nuts the bike is glided back on the stand. It also gives the user freedom to perform various duties like oiling, lubing and other motorcycle related tasks with the use of stand.
Motorcycle stands therefore prove themselves to be essential when parking. Motorcycle wheel chock and motorcycle jack are also available that can be used for maintenance purposes. Performing the most hectic task which is servicing and lubing can be done with the use of motorcycle lift. It ensures to lift up the entire motorcycle and deliver high end performance. Gas filled function is present in such stands that help in lifting the bike at required height levels. Maintenance involved is very less and apt for such use, cleaning and lubing are the only required steps for their long life. Internet is the preferred place for purchasing such stands. On the internet you will gets lots of variety that can help in parking of your bike. Sports and cruiser bikes widely make use of such stands.

Bicycles created by Tobyhanna Army Depot

Bicycles created by Tobyhanna Army Depot

The most important Tobyhanna Army Depot usually unit relating to the Work group along with Barricade and is becoming utilized for an integration, modernize, and additionally renovation associated request, operator, verbal exchanges, individual computer, then cleverness for virtually any side of your Ough.Le uniform. This fact site was formerly recognised on the inside February of the season 1953 about Tobyhanna, Pennsylvania for your personal bottom aim of specializing in electronica functions. It feature is an most popular work in your complete to the north state amongst Missouri. Moment coursesmart to put together a Veteran’s time of day conversational furnished by Ceo Henry T. Plant precisely person celebrated its store.
As part of his quite in advance 1900’s, metropolis at Tobyhanna am labeled the area to possess blizards variety and thus mind factory. Nearby 1912, male known as Main Charles M. Summerall very much convinced the legislature to shop for 16,Thousand massive areas and consequently to 25,500 acres of any location. Particular end came to be used to like a emergency as well as the reservoir corps preparing residence then was eventually 1918. There after, generally website turn out to be per artillery exercise facilities prior to in existance 1931 therefore the right next 10 years civilian efficiency corps reached its Tobyhanna website their property. Strategy the final developed especially round Wwii which experts claim requested the sector for replacements harder anti-artillery aeroplanes workout content, nevertheless was in fact dismissed with the extra compact size the family room in contrast to one particular time-consuming extend weaponry in which had to be screened-in. Even though hazards of just a Japanese intrusion pending a brand new medical facility been recently built up on this internet site with probable casualties possibly at one time this site was created because a groundwork these white segregated military service emergency corps. Right at the end behind Ww2, these Tobyhanna navy type have been become per Bang camp out with respect to detected Chinese soldiers.
Several years following the first confrontation over, the camp was then used by U.Ise Army or marine Corps of Planners. A critical change was considered taught to area of when it comes to 1951, contributing that provide many currently the shore straight into the condition of Pa, which will switched that on to Gameland 127, Tobyhanna Think Car, plus Gouldsboro Suggest Car. Doing this live through under a spring as your Armed service Sign Corps reacquired those home and as a result reckoned being the very best destination for what appears to be straight away named the Tobyhanna Army Depot for the proximity that can East Coast presentation when however being a secure length from your Atomic send but these develop impaired Big apple.

Motorcycle Battery Trickle Charger

Motorcycle Battery Trickle Charger

A motorcycle battery trickle charger is an important accessory for any motorcyclist.

Car battery chargers are commonly owned items by people who own cars – they’re portable, inexpensive, and simple to use. But for people who ride motorcycles, this equipment is often overlooked, though it certainly shouldn’t be.

There are listed here several good reasons why it’s important for any biker to own a trickle charger and why it should be on your shopping list.

Motorcycle batteries lose their charge relatively quickly being much smaller than car batteries. With the common wet cell battery it is necessary to top them off with distilled water more often. Quite often motorcycle batteries may require a booster charge to bring them up to the correct voltage when doing regular maintenance. A trickle charger can keep the motorcycle battery continually at the optimal charge, and rather than having to wait overnight for the battery to charge you can quickly be on the road.

Motorcycle batteries are more susceptible to losing their charge due to cold weather due to being exposed to the elements much more than car batteries. Motorcycle battery trickle chargers are designed to restore and maintain an optimal charge to a battery that has been in cold conditions, enabling it to be started quickly.

The battery trickle charger for a bike is compact, taking up very little room wherever you store your bike. In the course of servicing the bike for the next ride, detaching the battery and doing a full check your battery is ready for action. A fully charged battery means that you can get out and enjoy a good ride without having the frustration of a bike that won’t start because the battery is dead.

Not only can a charger help keep your bike ready for when you want to ride but a battery run flat repeatedly can actually damage the internal plates that are vital to the battery’s structure. Motorcycle batteries are costly and this can be very expensive. This is preventative maintenance that will quickly pay for itself. By keeping your battery properly maintained it will be much, much longer before it has to be disposed of which is good for the environment.

Batteries on bikes get put through a considerable amount of abuse, weak charging systems, heat, vibration, power-draining accessories. A charger will increase the lifespan of the battery by keeping it well charged and in a better state. For the all-weather rider, accessories such as fog lights, heated grips and stereo systems can quickly drain the small motorcycle battery. Attaching a trickle charger when the bike has been parked will keep the battery level correct, so the bike is ready to go when you next start it up.

Whether you’re serious about motorcycle riding or just a fair weather warrior who only takes out the bike nice days, the motorcycle battery trickle charger really is a necessity. Just like oil, fuel, and tires, the battery is a vital part of your bikes operation.

3 Ways To Customize Your Motorcycle

3 Ways To Customize Your Motorcycle

There are a number of great accessories you can use to make your motorcycle distinctive. Sites such as the Motorcycle Superstore and BikeBandit.com offer a wide range of products that make customization easy. Once you’ve customized your bike, you’ll have an even more enjoyable riding experience. Below, you’ll find a list of ways in which you can customize your bike.

1. Customized Paint Jobs

Many motorcycle owners want to add their own artistic touch to their bike. You can have your bike painted in a custom color combination, or add special effects like glitter. Special designs, such as flames, are popular. There are also custom decals you can buy to “wrap” your bike.

2. New Handlebars

You can easily replace your bike’s original handlebars yourself. Custom handlebars are available in a variety of shapes, depending on what sort of style you want. Ape handlebars are some of the most popular. However, drag handlebars can provide a more streamlined look. Handlebar risers can be purchased in a variety of finishes.

3. Custom Mirrors

Many riders like to add custom mirrors. These can come in a variety of styles, from vintage to new and edgy. Stealth mirrors are increasing in popularity, and you can easily find micro-sized mirrors. Designs featuring flames or bones are also popular. You can also buy a variety of mirror covers to add some extra style.

Battery Trickle Chargers – When To Use A Motorcycle Battery Charger

Battery Trickle Chargers – When To Use A Motorcycle Battery Charger

Owners of motorcycle or ATV always complain about their batteries. If you don’t have a motorcycle battery charger or a battery trickle charger, you will definitely have problems. A battery will self-discharge at the rate of 5% per month just sitting around. It would seem logical to assume that a low battery can be charged simply by riding your bike or atv. A low battery cannot be fully charged by riding the bike, no matter how far you go.

Let’s start with the battery. If the bike is not in use for 30 days, the battery should be placed on charge with a 2 amp or smaller battery trickle charger for 24-48 hours every 30 days with no usage. This would be a very good idea on bikes that are ridden only once or twice a month as well. Most automotive battery chargers charge at 6, 10, or greater amperage. Using a motorcycle battery charger like that will overheat the battery, warping the plates inside until they ground out against each other, shortening battery life. A battery should never be charged at more than 10% of its rated capacity. The largest battery in our industry is 20 amps, so 2 amps is the maximum charge rate for that battery. Anything more will damage it.

Besides damaging the battery when charging at excessive amperage, the battery remains low on charge after the “quick charge“, and the same damage will occur, even if you are successful in getting the bike to start. Then the charging system will be strained running the bike with the low battery, possibly causing damage to the alternator components.

When a battery is in a low state of charge (for a period of time), the acid in it separates (as mentioned in last paragraph). This causes a condition known as “sulfation”. Sulfation causes deterioration of the lead plates inside the battery, leading to an early failure. The lower that the batteries state of charge becomes, the faster sulfation’s effects take over, weakening the battery quicker.

Once a battery has been left completely dead, they will almost always not come back from that totally dead condition. The handful that will, are almost never very reliable or very strong again.

The bottom line to this battery deal is to work to never let the battery go dead or stored in a low state of charge.

It is best to think of motorcycle battery chargers or battery trickle chargers as a maintenance system. A motorcycle battery chargers or battery trickle chargers are basically designed to replace the energy required to start the motorcycle. In effect, a battery that started the bike at 80% charge, will likely only get to 80-85% after running. Not only will riding the bike with a low battery not fully charge the battery, this causes the battery charger to charge as hard as it can while trying to charge the low battery. A motorcycle battery charger or battery trickle charger are not designed to stay at full charge level for extended periods. When required to do so, this over heats rectifiers, stator windings, and regulator components causing them to fail. This only adds to the cost of replacing the battery that was failing anyway.

A motorcycle battery charger or battery trickle charger can be purchased for below $40. If you prefer not to have to remember to plug/unplug the charger during storage, a battery trickle charger is a great solution as they can be left plugged in.

Bicycle Drivetrain Guide

Bicycle Drivetrain Guide

Your bicycle’s drivetrain is comprised of all of the parts that power the bicycle and make it go. Bike pedals move the cranks, which turn the bottom bracket and the chainrings, which drive the chain that spins the rear sprockets, turning the rear hub, which moves the wheel and propels the bicycle forward. The crisp movement of these parts and the ability to minimize effort while maximizing speed is the heart of cycling. It is essential that drivetrain be clean, true and well-maintained in order to more fully enjoy riding your bike. When one of these parts gets out of whack, the rest soon follow.

It is also important to get individual components that are compatible within the system (e.g. typically Campagnolo and Shimano parts are not inter-compatible). Many times the difference between 9- and 10-speed parts is enough to make them incompatible as well. The collective term for a complete bike drivetrain kit is “group” or “gruppo.” Multi-speed drivetrains are classified by the number of cogs in the rear cassette. A modern day 10-speed bicycle can have as many as 30 “possible gears,” with 10 in the rear and three in the front, but still have a 10-speed drivetrain.

Pedals
Your bike pedals are your power connection to your bicycle. As you pump your legs and turn your feet, you cause the cranks to turn. Proper pedal choice is important for comfort, control and safety on the bike. Many recreational and enthusiast cyclists prefer the adaptability that platform pedals offer. They allow you to ride in any type of shoe and give a sense of security to a novice rider who is cautious of locking the feet into clipless pedals. Many platform pedals can be adapted with a toe cage to give more control and power while retaining the sense of security associated with platforms.

Racers and more advanced riders often prefer “clipless” pedals. These pedals are used in conjunction with matching cleats that are attached to special shoes. The cleats lock into place in the pedal, offering a secure attachment of rider to bicycle. Most cleats easily release the shoe by a simple twist of the ankle, and they are quite easy to use with some initial practice.

Cranks
The cranks connect the pedals to the bottom bracket and hold the front chainrings. They connect to the axis around which your feet spin and transmit your power to the bike. Cranksets come in many different lengths based upon bicycle frame size and the rider’s leg length. They are generally made out of aluminum, but some low-end cranks are made of steel, and some high-end cranks are made of carbon fiber. These cranksets are marketed to top-level racers and generally carry the appropriate price tag. Cranks attach to the bicycle at the bottom bracket. There are several types of cranks/bottom bracket interfaces, and it is important to know their differences.

Chainrings
Chainrings are the forward chain interface with the bicycle. They contain teeth that hold the chain and drive it forward. Chainrings come in a wide range of sizes, identified by the number of teeth and application. Typical mountain bikes use three chainrings; road bikes generally have two to three. Single-speed and fixed-gear bicycles use only one chainring. Chainrings are typically made of aluminum, with some being made of steel and a handful of boutique brands making them out of carbon fiber.

What makes a proper chainring is dependent upon many factors: number of teeth, single/double/triple configuration, 8/9/10/11 speed use and bolt circle diameter. Once all of those factors have been determined, you can choose the group level or brand that best suits your needs.

Bottom bracket
The bottom bracket is the cranks’ interface with the bike. It contains bearings around which an axle rotates; this axle is connected to the cranks. Current bottom brackets come in varying interface types. Traditional bottom brackets have loose ball bearings with their accompanying cups and cones and an axle locked in place with locknuts, typically on the left side of the BB shell. More recent cartridge bottom brackets are built as one piece with cartridge bearings press-fit onto the axle and fit into the frame with “cups” that thread into opposite sides of the shell.

Many bike parts companies have most recently been developing bottom brackets without an axle. The axle is built into the cranks and runs through bearings that are press-fit into cups that thread into the bottom bracket shell. The other end of the axle then attaches to the opposite crankarm. Different brands have different bearing sizes and only work with their respective cranks.

Bottom brackets come in many different interfaces developed by the different component manufacturers. Cup and cone BBs are generally “square taper.” Cartridge bottom brackets are one of two versions of square taper (International Standard or Japanese Standard) or one of the many versions of splined BB developed by the several companies.

Another important aspect of bottom bracket compatibility is whether your bicycle has an Italian or English threaded bottom bracket. The shell diameter of an Italian bottom bracket is larger, threaded 36 mm x 24 tpi, and its threads are both normal (or right-handed). English bottom brackets are threaded 1.370-inch x 24tpi, with the right cup having a reverse thread and the left cup having a regular thread.

Chain
The chain connects the chainring to the rear sprocket, transmitting power from the rider to the rear wheel. Current bicycles use roller chains (with few exceptions) that are categorized by pitch and width. The chain’s pitch is the distance from roller to roller and is typically 1/2 inch on modern bicycles. The width is measured between chain plates and is either 1/8 inch for derailleur-less bikes and 3/32 inch for multi-speed, derailed bikes.

Another specification of a bicycle chain is based on outer width: the outside distance between chain-link plates. There are two main standards: Campagnolo and Shimano. Shimano uses the same width chain for all drive trains with eight or fewer gears in the rear cassette or freewheel and a different width each for its 9- and 10-speed groups. Campagnolo uses three widths presently: 9, 10 and 11. As the number of sprockets in the rear increase, the width of the chain must decrease, providing enough clearance for the extra gears. Other companies manufacture chains that are designed to work with the Campy and Shimano systems.

Derailleurs
On multi-speed bicycles, the derailleur moves the chain from one sprocket to another. They are actuated by a cable pulled from the shifters, typically mounted onto the handlebars (and sometimes down tubes) of the bicycle.

Front derailleur
The front derailleur moves the chain from chainring to chainring and acts as a chain guide, keeping the chain aligned. There are several chainring characteristics to consider when shopping for a front derailleur. The most important is double or triple (whether there are two or three chainrings attached to the crank). A triple front derailleur is designed with a deeper inner cage than a double derailleur to be able to push the chain up from the small ring.

Another key characteristic is chainring size. Certain derailleurs’ cage diameters limit the maximum number of teeth possible on the large ring. The final characteristic is 8/9/10-speed compatibility. The width between the inner and outer cage varies between designs and may not work well when used with the wrong gearing.

Rear derailleur The rear derailleur acts as a chain guide and chain tensioner. As the chain moves from a large sprocket to a smaller one, it needs less chain to cover the circumference. The rear derailleur has a spring mechanism that pulls in that extra length of chain, known as “chain wrap.” The rear derailleur also moves the chain from cog to cog and is one of the more active components of the bicycle. As you pedal and drive the chain around the chainrings and rear sprockets, the chain continuously runs through the rear derailleur.

Rear derailleurs are classified in the same manner as front derailleurs–first by speed: 8/9/10, then by double or triple (it is actually the difference between the largest and smallest chainring added to the difference between your largest and smallest cog). Typically, with a double chainring you can use a short cage and with a triple you would need a long cage. The longer cage helps take up the extra slack that appears when in the small ring.

Rear sprocket
The rear sprocket is the chain’s rear interface with the bicycle. On a single speed (fixed gear included) you only use one rear sprocket, or cog. Multi-speed bikes have a cluster of cogs called “cassettes” or “freewheels.”

A freewheel is a group of cogs fixed to a “freewheel” mechanism that allows you to coast; there is a ratcheting mechanism that allows the rear hub to spin as you coast, or ride without pedaling. A bike cassette is designed to be used with a rear hub equipped with a freewheel mechanism to which you attach the cogs.

Typical freewheels come in 5- to 7-speed versions, and cassettes are 8/9/10/11-speed, with few exceptions. Cassette cogs are designed to be set up in a particular orientation to aid in shifting; any variation of this orientation can cause serious shifting and safety issues. Cassettes are designed to be used with the appropriate chain, and the wrong chain won’t ride on the teeth properly, resulting in a very poor and annoying ride.

Rear hub
The rear sprocket is attached to the hub directly (in the case of a fixed gear), or via a freewheel mechanism. The power from the front chainring is transmitted via the chain to the rear sprocket and into the rear hub, the central point of the rear wheel. The two main characteristics of a rear hub are hub type (cassette, freewheel or fixed) and hub spacing (the width from axle end to axle end). Modern road bikes are spaced to 130mm, mountain bikes to 135mm and track bikes to 120mm. Older bicycles were spaced to 126mm. They were typically designed for use with freewheel-type rear hubs that carried fewer gears.

With the advent of the freewheel hub and more gears, the rear dropout spacing was increased to accommodate. Another thing to consider when choosing a hub (if it is already built as part of a wheel) is the wheel diameter. The rim must be the appropriate size to fit into the frame and line up with the brake pads.

Build A Bicycle Shed Quickly And Easily

Build A Bicycle Shed Quickly And Easily

So how do I learn how to build a bicycle shed when I have no experience with woodworking and the last thing I built was a reputation for my lack of woodworking skills?

Learning how to build a bicycle shed is not as difficult as it may seem. There are some very good easy to follow shed building plans and guides that you can download from the internet and in many cases, use them for free! That’s right. The key ingredient lies in obtaining step by step instructions and easy to follow plans, which like most everything else, can be obtained from the internet. Some of the best plans will not only show you how to build an outdoor shed but will provide some basic designs and instructions for free.

Using blueprints and plans for building a wood shed will allow the backyard woodworker or novice builder an opportunity to build a wood shed or other garden structure that is as simple or as detailed as you want. From a basic storage shed to a large barn sized structure, you can build a shed to fit almost any need. Simple can mean basically four walls, a roof, and a dirt floor. Adding a wooden floor, windows and doors is the next step and is not that complicated provided you are using the right set of step by step instructions.

An outdoor wood shed is easily adapted for just about any purpose. They can be simple lean-to shelters, garden sheds for storing lawnmowers, garden tools and ladders; and for the more detailed and complex, they can even serve as a primitive guest house in the right situations. With the right instructions, once you have learned the basics of how to build an outdoor shed, you can easily move on to more complex and detailed projects.